Last Update: May 11, 2020

4-H Nova Scotia at Home

a week-by-week outline of fun challenges, activities, and competitions for our members during self-isolation.

Over the next eight weeks, we will be sharing weekly activities, challenges, and competitions for 4-H members to participate in at home.

Each week will have a theme representing one of the four 4-H Pillars:

  • Community Engagement & Communications
  • Science & Technology
  • The Environment & Healthy Living
  • Sustainable Agriculture & Food Security

Each week will include:

  • a photo of the week.
  • Try-It-Tuesday with Nicole Martin.
  • a printable worksheet.
  • a few additional fun things spread throughout.

New activities will be added at the beginning of each week so keep checking back for updates!

We’re missing being able to connect with our 4-H community at all of our annual events and conferences so we look forward to connecting with you all from home!

Week One

Click Here for Fun!

Week Two

Click Here for Fun!

Week Three

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Week Four

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Week Five

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Week Six

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Week Seven

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Week Eight

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Week 1: May 4 – 8, 2020

This week’s 4-H pillar is Community Engagement & Communications. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. This week is also National Mental Health Awareness week. Mental health is always important but even more so now that we are in self-isolation away from our peers, extended families, and extra curricular activities.

  • Click here for excellent mental health resources. #MentalHealthAwarenessWeek
  • Click here for more information about the Community Engagement & Communications pillar.
Community Engagement Shaking hands icon Community Engagement
and Communications Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, share photos of your pet or other things that make you feel HAPPY on our social media pages, send them to 4-H NS in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

What makes you happy?

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Show You Care Expand

Social distancing has many of us feeling isolated in our communities. 4-H Nova Scotia is challenging members to find creative ways to communicate with, and lift the spirits of, others in our communities and across the province.

Here are a few suggestions to get your creative juices flowing:

  • Window displays
  • Homemade Cards
  • Posters
  • Decorate a tree in your front yard
  • Paint rocks and leave them along walking trails, sidewalks, at the end of your driveway, your community mailbox, etc.
  • Origami
  • Etc.

Send cards, posters, origami to essential service workers (doctors, nurses, paramedics, police, fire fighters, delivery services (mail, parcels, food), nursing homes, or drop them in mailboxes/on doorsteps in your neighbourhood.

Let’s reach out to those in our community and try to make people SMILE!

Share photos of your creations on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #KindnessMatters
  • #MentalHealthAwarenessWeek
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: Judging Tips & Guidelines Expand

May is the month Nova Scotia’s 4-H members are generally working on improving their judging skills in anticipation of County Judging Days. Judging is an important part of the 4-H program because it:

  • helps to train your mind to consider the information, to organize your thoughts, and to think while you are speaking.
  • teaches you to communicate effectively. With practice you will learn to speak clearly and concisely, even under the pressure of a set time limit and the excitement of the experience.
  • helps you develop confidence and rely on yourself.
  • teaches you to consider the positive and negative points of the group of four articles/animals being judged and compare one with another. It will increase your awareness of new products and new ways or methods of doing things.
  • teaches you to compete with yourself and others. Each time you judge, evaluate how well you did by reviewing how it went and how you can improve for next time.

Your judging experience will continue to help you make good decisions in everyday life, long after you’ve completed the 4-H program.

Worksheet: Judging at Home – you can download and fill this worksheet out on your computer or print and fill out by hand.

**Don’t have a printer? Email Angela at info@4hnovascotia.ca and she will mail you a printed copy.

Mother’s Day! Expand

This Sunday, we’re celebrating Mother’s Day and we want to hear how great they are! Share photos of your wonderful Mama or mother figure on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4HMamas
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS

Don’t have social media? Don’t worry, you can send your photos and comments to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

We’re sending an extra special, great big, virtual 4-H hug to all those 4-H Mama’s out there! Thank you for everything you do!

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 2: May 11 – 15, 2020

This week’s 4-H Leadership Development pillar is Sustainable Agriculture & Food Security. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Sustainable Agriculture & Food Security pillar.

“Food connects us all.  It brings us together.  Canadian-made foods are recognized worldwide for the highest standards of quality and food safety.  Responsible for one in eight jobs across the country, our food sector is a powerhouse of the economy, particularly in our rural communities.” –https://www.canada.ca/en/campaign/food-policy.html 

COVID-19 has raised awareness among Canadians about food production in Canada and the supply chain from farm to table.  We encourage our members to look at foods in their homes and consider: 

  1. Nutritional Value – Does the food you eat fuel your body and contribute to a healthy lifestyle?
  2. Food Waste – Reducing food waste can help the environment and grocery bills.  Can you help prepare a meal plan and grocery list for your family?
  3. Food Source – Where does your food come from?  Buying Canadian or locally produced foods helps build a strong agriculture and agri-food sector and can reduce the environmental impact of food transportation.
Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Corn icon Sustainable Agriculture
and Food Security Pic of the Week! Collapse

Have you been spending more time in the kitchen cooking or baking? We would love to see your creations!

This week, share photos of your favorite foods on our social media pages, send them to 4-H NS in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

What satisfies your taste buds?

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Gardening! Expand

Since May is a great time to start seeding vegetables, 4-H Nova Scotia is challenging members to test their green thumbs this spring and summer!

Tomatoes, cucumbers and peppers are heat-loving vegetables which can be started inside under lights or near a warm sunny window until after the risk of frost has passed. Cold-tolerant vegetables such as kale, turnip, carrots, and beets can be sown directly outside into a prepared garden bed.  These seedlings can be protected by a row cover from frost.  There are many types of vegetables and varieties to choose from, just be sure to follow planting instructions on the back of your seed package for seed spacing and depth.

Don’t have a garden for growing? Don’t worry!  Vegetables can be grown successfully in containers.  Wherever you plant, make sure your seeds have drainage, good soil, water and sunlight.

Be sure to share photos of your garden as you plant and throughout the growing season. Share your photo in the comments below, on social media using #4HNSatHome or by emailing info@4hnovascotia.ca. We will share some of our favorite photos!       

Share photos of your garden as you plant, and throughout the growing season, on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca so we can share them for others to see!

Printable Worksheet: Gardening Chart Expand

New gardeners can learn a lot about when and where to plant from other local gardeners, books, and online. However, each location will have its own micro-climate depending on elevation, slope, soil conditions, and sun exposure.  For this reason, many gardeners keep a journal to record how plants grow in their own garden.  This can be useful year-to-year as you decide where to plant and when to start seeds – crops should be rotated annually in the garden plot.

Worksheet: Gardening Chart – you can download and fill this worksheet out on your computer or print and fill out by hand.

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 3: May 18 – 22, 2020

This week’s 4-H pillar is Science and Technology. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Science and Technology pillar.

4-H’ers are catalysts for change and drivers of innovation in science and technology.

Engaging young people in hands-on science and technology based projects is the focus of this 4-H Canada leadership development pillar.

The backbone of these activities will be collaboration between local 4-H clubs, provincial networks, and the national office. Together, we create opportunities for youth to explore connections between science, technology, society, and their own lives.

  • Engage in the science and technology world
  • Explore ideas you may have brewing
  • Explain your reasoning using logic and evidence
  • Extend your mind and reach for the sky!
Science and Technology Icon Science and
Technology
Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, share photos of technology at work in agriculture, or make a collage of photos from old magazines, and share them on our social media pages, send them to 4-H NS in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

Let’s see that technology at work!

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Science Fair! Expand

The 4-H Canada Science Fair is an opportunity for you to explore, experiment, and discover!

As part of the 4-H Canada Science Fair, 4-H youth plan, research, complete, and submit science projects, independently or as pairs, to be judged virtually, in the hopes of moving on to the in-person round and ultimately to the Canada-Wide Science Fair.

The 4-H Canada Science Fair is open to 4-H’ers in grades 7 to 12, or enrolled in CÉGEP.

Caelan DeViller, of the Maple Leaf 4-H Club in Yarmouth County, was one of six winners of the 2020 4-H Canada Science Fair with his project, “Does Seaweed Help Reduce Mold Growth in Bread Rolls?”

Intrigued by seaweed’s anti-fungal properties, this project explores the addition of seaweed into food staples, such as bread, as a method to reduce mold growth. The project tested a variety of seaweed inclusions into the bread recipe, and also surveyed consumers about the effect on taste, and future interest in products. The addition of seaweed showed an increase in the shelf life of bread and indicated that further testing should be done to clearly define the impact of seaweed on shelf life, in an effort to reduce food waste.

4-H Nova Scotia challenges members to perform a simple home experiment using everyday items. 

  • How does light affect plant growth?  Try growing a plant in a sunny window & one in a closet.  After one week are they different? Why?
  • How do different liquids change dying an egg?  Try dipping one egg in a mixture of water and food coloring & one in a mixture of food coloring and vinegar. Are they different? Why?
  • Create a simple circuit using a potato or lemon as your power source.  Does adding more potatoes or lemons create more power? Why?

Use your imagination to answer these questions while having fun!  Remember to have parental supervision.

Share photos of your experiments on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: Farm Safety Crossword Puzzle Expand

**Don’t have a printer? Email Angela at info@4hnovascotia.ca and she will mail you a printed copy.

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 4: May 25 – 29, 2020

This week’s 4-H Leadership Development pillar is the Environment and Healthy. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Environment and Healthy Living pillar.
Environment and Healthy Living Leaf icon Environment and Healthy
Living Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, share pictures of how you are getting active at home on our social media pages, send them to 4-H NS in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Recycling! Expand

4-H Nova Scotia challenges members to recycle items from around your home to make a bird feeder. 

Share photos of your bird feeder on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: Nature Scavenger Hunt Expand

A fact sheet with common plants, insects, animals and birds.  Circle how many you can find in your back yard/neighborhood. 

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 5: June 1 – 5, 2020

This week’s 4-H Leadership Development pillar is the Community Engagement and Communications. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Community Engagement and Communications pillar.

Civic engagement is a cornerstone of 4-H activities across Canada and around the world. From public speaking to volunteering their time at local events or on the other side of the world, youth are demonstrating community leadership through 4-H. Today’s Generation Z is fundamentally redefining how we communicate – from the tools we use to the way we engage with each other.

As members learn to do by doing, we continue to build opportunities for youth to become engaged and have an authentic voice at the table. The opportunities are endless for active community involvement and positive change. 4-H believes in the ability of youth to make a meaningful difference both locally and globally. They do this by:

  • making a positive difference in the world around them.
  • seeking out ways to lend a hand and to take action.
  • advocating for what matters to them, and helping others to do the same.
  • being a role model for the change they want to see in the world.
Community Engagement Shaking hands icon Community Engagement
and Communications
Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, share throwback photos of your early 4-H experiences and your favorite memories on our social media pages, send them to 4-H Nova Scotia in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Story Time! Expand

4-H Nova Scotia challenges members to share a favorite book, poem, or story they have written with a loved one.  Members can read to someone at home or create a video which can be shared with family members outside of their home.

Practice the same tips used in public speaking to help you prepare:

  • Practice reading the book out loud before starting to record.
  • Speak at your natural speed.
  • Speak up and sound confident, you want everyone to hear what you have to say.
  • Be enthusiastic.
  • Smile, look like you are enjoying it.
  • Stand or sit comfortably.
  • Use a few gestures such as hand movements or facial expressions.

Share your video on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: COVID-19 Time Capsule Expand

We are all living through history and what better way to be able to look back on this moment in life than to create a time capsule?

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 6: June 8 – 12, 2020

This week’s 4-H Leadership Development pillar is the Science and Technology. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Science and Technology pillar.
Science and Technology Icon Science and
Technology
Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, use items in your home (marshmallows, Play-doh, Popsicle sticks etc.) to make a tower.  How high can you make it? Can it support the weight of something on top?  Share a picture of your creation on our social media pages, send them to 4-H Nova Scotia in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

World Oceans Day! Expand

“On World Oceans Day, people around our blue planet celebrate and honor our ocean, which connects us all. Get together with your family, friends, community, and millions of others around our blue planet to start creating a better future.

By working together, we can — and will — protect and restore our shared ocean. Join this growing global celebration on 8 June with continuing engagement year-round!”

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Coding! Expand

4-H Nova Scotia challenges members to Use the website https://code.org/learn to engage in Hour of Code activities.  There are options for all levels of coders to enjoy! 

Share your coding on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: Atlantic Ocean Expand

World Oceans Day takes place annually on June 8th.  Use this worksheet to create an underwater comic strip.

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 7: June 15 – 19, 2020

This week’s 4-H Leadership Development pillar is Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security pillar.
Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security Corn icon Sustainable Agriculture
and Food Security
Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, share a photo of yourself wearing your 4-H club/provincial branded clothing or showmanship clothes for showing your livestock project animal on our social media pages, send them to 4-H Nova Scotia in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Livestock! Expand

4-H Nova Scotia challenges members to choose one type of animal grown for food in Canada.  Learn about what best practices producers follow to make sure their animals are productive, comfortable and healthy.

Share your findings on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: Nova Scotia Agriculture Expand

Keep a food journal for one week. Where does your food come from?

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.

Week 8: June 22 – 26, 2020

This week’s 4-H Leadership Development pillar is Environment and Healthy Living. Our activities are representative of what this pillar stands for. 

  • Click here for more information about the Environment & Healthy Living pillar.
Environment and Healthy Living Leaf icon Environment & Healthy
Living
Pic of the Week! Collapse

This week, share photos of Nova Scotia’s natural beauty. Take a landscape photo and share it on our social media pages, send them to 4-H Nova Scotia in a private message, or email them to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #4His4Me

Photo Tips:

  • A classic landscape shot includes four elements: the foreground, the focal point, the background, and the horizon.

 

  • Because you cannot move your subject, you need to time your photography to take best advantage of natural light. On sunny days, landscape shots are best made early in the morning or late in the day. The shadows produced at those times are strong, dramatic and show off landscape features well. Overcast days offer great opportunities for landscape photography. You can shoot all day when it is overcast!

 

  • Some shots are also better at different times of the year. Take seasonal changes into consideration when planning landscape shots.

 

  • Occasionally include a human or identifiable animal in your landscape shots, to add interest. This also helps give a sense of scale.

 

  • You can use any lens to shoot landscapes. A wide angle lens allows you to capture more of the landscape. A telephoto lens can save leg work and allows you to zoom in on features you find attractive.

 

  • If you want to emphasize the sky in a shot, put the horizon line of the photo low in the frame. If you want the emphasis put on the landscape, put the horizon high in the frame.

 

  • If you cannot get the entire scene into one shot, take several, overlapping a bit at the edges of each shot. Keep your camera the same height as you rotate your body at the hips. Take several shots. When you get the pictures back home, try stitching them together using photo processing software to create a cool panoramic shot! If your shot does not line up seamlessly you can add a border where your images meet up to merge the two images together.

Make sure you get them in by Friday! Saturday, we will share some of our favourite submissions on the 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page, Instagram, and on this web page!

Try It Tuesday! Expand

Join Nicole Martin, 4-H Member, 4-H NS 2019/20 Ambassador, and Kings County Council President, as she demonstrates a new fun activity for you to try at home!

We will share Nicole’s videos on our 4-H Nova Scotia Facebook page every Tuesday!

Share your videos/images of your Try-It-Tuesdays on social media!

Don’t forget to use our hashtags:

  • #4HNSatHome
  • #TryItTuesday
  • #4His4Me
  • #4HNS
  • #LearnToDoByDoing

Don’t have social media? Email to info@4hnovascotia.ca!

Challenge: Compost! Expand

4-H Nova Scotia challenges members to compost!

Composting is the process where organic material, such as kitchen and yard waste is broken down. The finished product is a dark, earthy substance that looks, feels and smells like a very dark rich soil.  This is called compost, and is a valuable soil amendment rich in nitrogen, carbon and other nutrients.

Composting needs three things: air, water, and natural materials such as yard and kitchen waste.

Choose a container.  There are commercial options available, or you can build your own. For example, four wooden pallets or a roll of chicken wire can be used as compost containers. Make sure the container design allows air into your compost pile and it is easy to turn the material inside.

Pick a location.  Choose a spot in your back yard on bare ground which is shaded (to decrease evaporation) and easy to access.

Build your pile.  A successful compost pile is made from alternating layers of carbon rich browns (e.g. leaves and paper) and nitrogen rich greens (e.g. kitchen waste, grass clippings).  Breaking large materials, such as twigs, into pieces will help them decompose more quickly.  Never put meat, fish, bones, dairy or pet waste in your backyard compost pile.  These items take a long time to decompose and can attract rodents and create odors.

Add materials to your pile.  Greens add moisture to the pile while browns help air circulate. If your pile is too dry, add more greens, if it is too wet, add browns.  Store browns near your pile so they can always be added as the top layer. For a successful compost pile you will want a ratio of approximately 20:1 browns (carbon): greens (nitrogen).

Maintain your pile.  Your pile should always be damp, but not too wet.  Every two weeks turn the compost using a pitch fork or shovel to help the air circulate. Pallets or wire can be taken apart and reassembled beside the original pile.  Shoveling the compost to the new location provides the aeration needed. The time it takes to produce compost varies from as little as three months to two years.  Layering material and mixing often will help ensure the process will not take as long.

 

  • Fruit and vegetable scraps
  • Baked goods
  • Rice and other grains
  • Pasta
  • Paper towels, napkins
  • Tea leaves, bags
  • Coffee grounds and filters
  • Egg shells, paper egg cartons
  • Shredded paper (newspaper, cereal boxes, paper packaging)
  • Leaves
  • Grass clippings
  • Weeds (which have not gone to seed)
  • Twigs
  • Plants, plant trimmings
  • All meat, including chicken
  • Fish and shellfish
  • Bones
  • Fat, grease, oils
  • Dairy products
  • Weeds that have gone to seed
  • Diseased plants
  • Large branches, roots

 

Share your progress photos on social media! Don’t forget to use our hashtag:

  • #4HNSatHome

Don’t use social media? Email your photos to info@4hnovascotia.ca.

Printable Worksheet: Fitness Bingo Expand

 

Follow Us!

Have questions? Send an email to info@4hnovascotia.caClick here for more information regarding COVID-19.